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Change The World Essay Contest Rules

DAR Topic 2017-18

Frances Bland Randolph Chapter NSDAR

"World War 1: Remembering the War to End All Wars"

Topic:

The end of World War I was the beginning of a new age.  This year marks the 100th anniversary of the end of the Great War.  Imagine you are living in 1918.  State where you are living and how the end of the war will impact your daily life.  Discuss the pros and cons of the changes this War introduced to society and how you imagine those changes will impact the US in the years to come.

Rough Drafts should be completed the week of October 6, 2017

Final Due Date: November 3, 2017

Research sites for information to get you going:

Crash Course in WWI

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=y59wErqg4Xg

Results of WWI

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tabVEbEX9Zg

History.com World War I video

http://www.history.com/topics/world-war-i/world-war-i-history/videos/the-us-in-world-war-i

History.com World War I Legacy of the War video

http://www.history.com/topics/world-war-i/world-war-i-history/videos/legacy-of-world-war-i?m=528e394da93ae&s=undefined&f=1&free=false

PBS - The Great War: American Experience (You have to use a membership to view this video)

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/films/great-war/

America's Homefront During WWI

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=66-pY98Ltfk

YouTube Videos about WW1 Propaganda

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3t_Gwo3M-uc

The Atlantic - WWI Issue (Thank you for guiding me here, Tod!)

https://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/toc/2014/08/

https://www.theatlantic.com/photo/categories/world-war-i/

Effects of WWI on America - Historama

http://www.american-historama.org/1913-1928-ww1-prohibition-era/impact-ww1-on-america.htm

National Archives - WWI Centennial

https://www.archives.gov/topics/wwi#event-/timeline/item/archduke-assassination

World War 1 - Primary Sources - Docs Teach

https://www.docsteach.org/topics/wwi

PBS Newshour - How does WWI impact the US today?

http://www.pbs.org/newshour/updates/wwi-impact-on-us-today/

From Syria to Black Lives Matter - Three ways WWI impacts America today

http://www.cnn.com/2017/04/09/us/3-ways-wwi-shapes-america/index.html

WWI Propaganda Slides

https://www.slideshare.net/history_teacher25/us-wwi-propaganda

Library of Congress

http://www.loc.gov/teachers/classroommaterials/presentationsandactivities/presentations/homefront/resources.html

https://www.loc.gov/rr/program/bib/wwi/wwi.html

Lots of links and information at the Library of Congress site... 

Find Primary Sources for your research

http://www.shsulibraryguides.org/c.php?g=154845&p=1016068

Women in War

https://www.nwhm.org/articles/lady-hell-cats-women-marines-world-war-i

Effects of WWI on America

http://www.american-historama.org/1913-1928-ww1-prohibition-era/impact-ww1-on-america.htm

http://www.markedbyteachers.com/as-and-a-level/history/in-what-ways-did-world-war-one-impact-american-society-1.html

https://www.wsj.com/articles/world-war-i-the-war-that-changed-everything-1403300393

https://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2014/08/how-the-great-war-shaped-the-world/373468/

Great article on effects of war - and on children

http://www.pbs.org/thewar/at_home_family.htm

How War Changed the role of Women in America

http://teachersinstitute.yale.edu/curriculum/units/2002/3/02.03.09.x.html

The Week.com - The Women of World War 1

http://theweek.com/captured/690302/women-world-war

Impact of WWI on Virginia

http://www.richmond.com/discover-richmond/a-century-ago-world-war-i-put-virginia-in-motion/article_0ba9d1a6-8df2-5032-8829-3a5f036fc612.html

Virginia Women and the First World War

https://www.lva.virginia.gov/public/guides/WomenofWWI.pdf

Richmond Times Dispatch WWI and Virginia's Role

http://www.richmond.com/news/years-ago-the-united-states-entered-wwi-and-virginia-played/article_2cf74f48-a157-5470-a3d3-e0b212f6f6d1.html


I encourage you to consider asking yourself a few questions for preplanning:

  • Where are you “living”?
  • Have you or anyone in your “family” been directly involved in the Great War or the War Efforts on the homefront?
  • Did anything (an event of the war, loss of finances, women taking on jobs, loss of property, new industry, having to move, propaganda, etc.) during the war impact your daily life?
  • What were some positive changes that happened in America because of the Great War?
  • What were some negative changes that happened in America because of the Great War?
  • Do you think any of these changes will impact America, or the world, in years to come?
  • What are your plans moving forward from 1918?

Remember this is in Google Classrooms to organize for your pre-planning.  Ask Ms. Martin for the Class Code to access it online for you to type on it.


Writing the Bibliography can be tricky... students need to retain information from the resources they use to take notes. Then, they can format their bibliographies.

http://www.aresearchguide.com/12biblio.html

http://qofp.com/links_bio.htm

http://www.factmonster.com/homework/t8biblio.html

There are a lot more pages out there to help with Bibliographies, but these should get you started and keep you on track.

Here are some Bibliography Generators - put your information into it and they will generate your format:

•Citation Machine:

http://www.citationmachine.net/mla/cite-a-book

•BibMe:

http://www.bibme.org/

•EasyBib

http://www.easybib.com/

Plagiarism Scavenger Hunt

http://edtech2.boisestate.edu/jenniferharris2/502/scavenger.html

Check for Plagiarism: (this is a paid site, but you can search Google for another option)

https://www.grammarly.com/plagiarism?q=plagiarism&utm_source=bing&utm_medium=cpc&utm_campaign=Search&utm_term=plagiarism&matchtype=p

Sample for Title Page:


“World War 1: Remembering the War to End All Wars”

Name

Address

Hopewell, VA 23860

Phone

email

Carter G. Woodson Middle School

Grade X

Frances Bland Randolph Chapter of NSDAR

xxx words

___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Rubric for DAR Essay

Category

Title Page

  • Title of Topic – “World War I: Remembering the War to End All Wars”
  • Contestant’s full name, address, phone, email
  • Contestant’s Grade level
  • Name of sponsoring DAR Chapter
  • Number of words in essay (600-1000)

Bibliography

  • At least 3 Sources
  • Sources are formatted correctly

Essay

Historical and geographic accuracy (everything is reasonable) - Includes where you are living

Stayed on topic - the student describes how the end of the war will impact their daily life

Includes pros and cons of the changes the Great War introduced to society

Organization of essay (beginning, middle, end)

Spelling and punctuation – including proper dialogue usage

Correct grammar throughout (verb tenses the same)

The student discusses how they imagine those changes will impact the US in years to come

*** Remember this paper is taking place AFTER THE WAR HAS ENDED! You are discussing changes the war brought after it has ENDED. 

All Essays 600-1000 words

Times New Roman font 12-14, or handwritten in black ink

Excerpts from 2014 MLK Essay Winners

This essay was read from the podium as it was written by a member of the MLK Committee and could not be given a monetary prize. Alex Lleras January 2014 MLK Essay, Downing Middle School:

"Due to Dr. King the flame of racism is all but extinguished and the children of this age have accepted the colors of all races. However, the embers are still smoldering and smog hazes the vision of a few who cling to racism like a Teddy Bear. Dr. King has taken their guns but has yet to change their minds. We need is a cleansing rain that will heal even the most ravaged minds in our nation. Flood the plains of discrimination and shower the land with an encouraging mantra that will bring together the broken pieces: Embrace Our Diversity! May this ring true to everyone not just in America but the entire world!" 

Grade 4:

1st: Sarah Mullens, Heritage ES, Ms. Buchanan: “I cannot even begin to imagine living in the America that once existed! Not being able to go to the same schools, ride the same buses, or drink out of the same fountains… I am thankful to be living in America today! ” 

2nd: Zane Hicke, Prairie Trail ES, Ms. Kelley : “I want to ride the same bus as everyone else, swim in the same pool, and use the same restrooms even though I am mixed. I choose to embrace me!”

 3rd: Iris Lim, Hebron Valley ES, Ms. Rehfuss: “While I was writing this essay, I realized that while I was born in the United States, I have a different skin color. If dr. king didn’t exist, I cannot imagine how hard it would be for me to live here. He helped a lot of people.”

Grade 5:

1st: Tyler Neumann, Prairie Trail ES, Mr. Clayton

“Dr. King believed that love through non-violence can concur all. He believed it so much that he went to jail for it. I am proud to celebrate him today because he let all people help and join hands to make this country better.”

2nd: Josiah Bradley, Valley Ridge ES, Mrs. Rowell 

“Dr. King believed in non-violence no matter what you did or what color you are… I love playing football. Many different people come to play. We are all different but in the game we are all the same. Football is a way for me to live out Dr. king’s dream.”

 3rd: Emily Reynolds, Prairie Trail ES, Mr. Clayton

“Dr. King’s persistence and determination has inspired me to stand against bullies. By standing up for myself and others, I can help embrace and protect diversity around me.”

Grade 6:

1st: Tatum Green, Downing MS, Ms. Clements

“every person is a blank canvas. Races and cultures add color and character to the canvas. The result is a masterpiece where every feature has an important value. Dr. King tried to apply this idea to the nation and knew that to embrace every feature of the masterpiece of nation, diversity not only has to be accepted but celebrated. He encouraged people of all races and differences to unite and create a masterpiece for the future. ”

(Tie) 2nd: Kira Koh, Downing MS, Ms. Rodriguez

“One way to embrace diversity is to accept that is everyone is different and no two people are the same. A common difference is religious belief. Instead of discriminating, we should try to learn about other religions and understand others’ beliefs. Accepting different appearances is another way we can embrace diversity… The final way to embrace diversity is by taking a stand against bullying…”

(Tie) 2nd: Mariah Wheeler, Lamar MS, Mrs. Robertson

“Dr. King taught us to embrace and cherish our diversity and differences that we cannot help having. Embrace our diversity, use it to make good in the world, like Dr. King. ”

(Tie) 3rd: Ryan Morris, Hedrick MS, Mrs. Hicks

“Once there was a family who had a daughter born in 1950. Her dad was a teacher at an African-American school and was very upset about the condition of those schools… One night, they were watching the news on their fuzzy black and white TV and they heard about a man, Dr. King, who was leading a civil rights movement. The family was excited to do their part in helping the movement. Even though the family faced many trials, their hard work paid off . They and many other families were now free. Sadly, in the process, dr. king lost his life. ”

(Tie) 3rd: Sydney Neuman, Hedrick MS, Ms. Winterroth 

“Embracing diversity means that we’re happy to have different people and things in the world… It’s always important to be helpful and respectful of all kinds of people.”

(Tie) 3rd: Olivia Oomen, Lamar MS, Mrs. Robertson

“If we create an uncomfortable atmosphere because of hatred then it would be very challenging for our nation to progress… Loving our differences will help to create happiness throughout our lives because it would help us be more independent and not always go with the majority.”

Grade 7:

(Tie) 1st: Emily Martinez, DeLay MS, Mrs. B. Williams 

“Diversity is beauty. The problem is that people don’t see the beauty that is diversity… The world is filled with experiences from each different face that you meet. Everyone has some talent and something to add to our lives. After all, our world is like a bag of Trail Mix. Some people may be sweet and small like M&Ms, others may be tough to crack like a nut, and some may be fun to have like a pretzel...”

(Tie) 1st: Zelda Mutoke, DeLay MS, Mrs. J. Johnson

“Have you ever looked at a painting and it’s all shades of gray? One color throughout the whole painting! You’re looking at it like ‘’this needs more color. This is boring!” This would be like to go to a school that all students and teachers were the same race, ate the same food, spoke the same language, same everything. Then you go to high school and you see all different races and colors and foods and personalities you don’t like it. In other words, you were living in a little model of segregation… In today’s world we often get segregated by our neighborhoods. There are even cities with their own race name like China Town. Dr. king’s dream has nearly been fulfilled but not entirely.  

(Tie) 2nd: Kiya Brown, DeLay MS, Mrs. B. Williams

“When you think about it, it is like a mother. Whatever you do – good or bad- mothers will still love you. That’s what people should strive to mimic every day… The assumptions people make based on nothing but fear are how discrimination starts. We cannot allow our lives to be based on poor assumptions.” 

(Tie) 2nd: Callie Goetz, Downing MS, Mrs. Fields

“We were made to be original. We were made to be unique. We were made to be different. Why is it so hard to embrace our diversity if this how we were made? Dr. King was one of the first to publicly deviate from the lies our world was trying to proclaim at that time. ”

(Tie) 2nd: Yesenia Mortero, DeLay MS, Mrs. B. Williams 

“Let’s face it. People may know your name and how you appear but they don’t know your story. The story is important. By learning other people’s stories, you also learn their commonalities. This is how embracing diversity brings us closer.”

(Tie) 3rd: Calvin Clement, Hedrick MS, Mrs. Maimone

“In reality, we are all the same inside. Making fun of someone is like insulting ourselves... Now, we can live together and make new friends and learn about them. That’s what makes our country great. ”

(Tie) 3rd: Nikita Jacob, Shadow Ridge MS, Mrs. Mosher

“Did you know that the health of a pond ecosystem is determined by counting the different number of species that live in it? The more variety, the healthier the pond! Embracing the world’s diversity is about all kinds of people getting along and working together. It’s about not caring whether you’re rich or poor, young or old, or short or tall.”

(Tie) 3rd: Yulyana Clemente, Hedrick MS, Ms. Winterroth

Dr. King had faith that people would realize that they all matter not by their skin but they matter for what’s in their hearts.

Grade 8:

1st: Zoe Rodriguez, Downing MS, Mrs. Lentz -- “…society should embrace people’s differences and find ways of weaving together their uniqueness to form a strong beautiful tapestry. In this way, people can finally banish the bitter hatred from their souls and replace it with tender empathy.”

2nd: Zoe Bixler, Shadow Ridge MS, Mrs. St. John -- “The world is not a perfect place and probably never will be. We can at least try to make it perfect by not only accepting ourselves but by embracing our diversities.”

2nd: Kelsey Sullivan, Downing MS, Mrs. Lentz -- “I hope that one day the future generations of the world can live in a discrimination-free environment; one where they are accepted as who they are and people are okay with that, one where people will embrace their diversity instead of rejecting it. ”

3rd: Maleeha Ahmad, Killian MS, Mr. Fletcher -- “By refusing to alienate, we can avoid the darkness Dr. King fought to eliminate… It is necessary to embrace our diversity; it is the key to opening the gateway of freedom and moving toward ‘The Dream’’. ”

3rd: Lindsey Golden, Huffines MS, Mrs. Hadley -- “ He (Dr. King) was the voice for those who were frightened to have one. He was the voice for the generations to come… There is diversity all around me. If it wasn’t for him I might not have gotten to see the outrageous laughs of the ones I love that light up my world. ”

3rd: Brian Tamayo, Hedrick MS, Ms. Winterroth --- “We need a new Dr. King to be part of an “I Dream of Diversity ” speech in the future. Without diversity, the world will be a nightmare filled with fights, wars, and crime. If we embrace diversity the world will be peaceful.”

Grade 9:

1st: Dexter Jones , MHS 9th, in honor of Mrs. Rebecca Wilson 

“These are not just some random people. These are my boys, my pack, my clique, these are my teammates. These teammates of mine are of different kinds of races including Hispanic, Asian, black, Native-American, and white. I said earlier that we did everything together. That’s how I feel about embracing our diversity. We help each other out and find a way to do it, together.”

Grade 10:

1st: Jovesh Zachariah, Hebron HS , Mr. -

“The distinctive array of contrasting characteristics that mold a person’s authentic identity, whether skin pigmentation or various cultural attributes, is what gives every single human a distinctive flavor duplicable by no other.”

2nd: Bumhee Kim, FMHS, Mrs. Knowles 

“In addition, we think that people are treating each other equally but are we really? If only everyone would reflect on their treatment towards others, there would be a society which Dr. King would’ve embraced. Not only do we have to embrace the diversities for African-Americans but also towards everyone we encounter in society.”

3rd: Hannah Miller, FMHS, Mrs. Crabtree 

“As for the entirety of the world, diversity continues to fuel the successes that occur every day. The world is becoming interconnected now more than ever so embracing people’s differences and unique traits is the best way to move forward.”

Grade 11:

1st: Kourtney Foster, Hebron HS , Ms. Mayo 

“The key to embracing one another starts with empathy. In Kindergarten, we learned “to treat others the way you want to be treated.” In elementary school, no one had harmed our trail of thought, no one had told us about a traumatic history that could change our view of our best friend.”

2nd: Hector Hernandez, Hebron HS, Mr. Stroud

“Trade and commerce embodied the primary form of interaction with diversity. Where there was trade, culture followed. Acculturation and globalization are not 20th century phenomena… Dr. King’s success as leader in the civil rights movement catalyzed social reform, advanced legal milestones, and sparked public support from all demographics.”

2nd: Wesley Jones, MHS, Mrs. McKenelly 

“Each and every day, the sport of Football provides all with a deep seated brotherhood whose grasp surpasses that of any prejudice one might hold in their heart…Embracing our diversity is not about simply tolerating others’ beliefs but learning to respect them.”

3rd: Victoria Davis, TCHS, Mr. Blodgett

“Dr. King believed in the ideal of non-violence, that a non-violent person has control of himself spiritually, mentally, and emotionally... We are a people of many cultures, of many backgrounds, and many histories. We come from all over the world and we embrace it.”

3rd: Melani Shi, FMHS, Mrs. McMichael

“Moreover, appreciation of diversity metaphysically circles back to self-dignity: in order to acknowledge the worth of others and the benefits they bestow upon our lives by living their on idiosyncratic lives, we must carry true self-respect. Embracing others has the prerequisite of loving ourselves enough to extend that love to the diversity around us.”

Grade 12:

1st: Farhan Ahmad, Hebron HS, Mr. Shelton

“Dr. King envisioned that his fight would culminate in a nation that embraces – rather than suppresses- its diversity… We must realize that Dr. King sowed the seeds for equality and it’s our duty as the next generation to bring that idea to fruition. ” 

2nd: Lakshmi Menon, FMHS, Mrs. McMichael 

“As I look out the window of my room I see children jumping into a pile of vibrant leaves. Flashes of green, yellow, and red fly through the air like confetti. Different ages and races are mixed in a boisterous group as black hands clasp white ones, a stunningly beautiful contrast. ”

3rd: Kristen Brehm, FMHS, Mr. Kenny

“I am thankful that God filled the world with a people who would lead black society to freedom. It is unbelievable to me that the world could have treated God’s children in such a way... Dr. King maintained a Ghandi-like perspective refusing to give society a dose of its own medicine but instead a dose of the forgiving, loving attitude he was fighting for. ”