Drawing on the resources of Columbia University, students in the Program of Arts Administration may choose to use their elective credits in any of the departments at Teachers College and the other graduate schools at Columbia University. In addition to the four content areas of the Program - arts administration, education, business, and law - many students choose to create an additional area of study through elective coursework in anthropology, technology, museum education, or organizational psychology.
ARAD Program Electives:
A&HG 4013 Cultural Policy
- Considers core questions across a set of case studies, in light of the history of cultural policy in the U.S. and abroad (and with a focus on federal policy), in light of claims that are made to efficacy, in post-conflict contexts, and in light of various claims to engage in participatory forms of governance, or in a protective posture.
A&HG 4199 Art & Pop
- Explores the process by which pop transforms into art (and discusses whether and how the reverse is possible), with attention to role of organizations, power, class, race, entrepreneurship, authenticity, and values. Hybrid lecture and discussion-based format.
A&HG 5179 Making Sense of Censorship
- Uses a multi-disciplinary approach to examine the twin phenomena of censorship and freedom of expression, historically and at present. Censorship will be investigated as a social process, intricately linked with power, knowledge production, group struggles, and social change. Students will explore its causes and consequences and strategies of intervention.
Sample elective courses taken at Teachers College:
A&HA 4079 Exploring cultural diversity: Implications for arts education, Art and Art Education, Department of Arts and Humanities
- This course explores a host of issues related to cultural diversity and examines their impact on the practices of art and art education. Teachers reflect about curriculum content, pedagogical approaches and human relations in the diverse art room.
A&HA 4090 Museum education issues I: Culture of art museums, Art and Art Education, Department of Arts and Humanities
- An examination of the challenges facing art museums in the twentieth century, with a focus on changing interpretations of objects and how museums respond to public need.
A&HA 5090 Museum education issues II: Missions and standards, Art and Art Education, Department of Arts and Humanities
- An examination of the changing purposes of museums, both American and international, as they confront new technologies and expectations for greater participation in education. Issues of ethics and standards for museum education will also be discussed in the context of the section reform movement.
A&HA 5804 Museums as resource: Workshops at the Metropolitan Museum, Art and Art Education, Department of Arts and Humanities
- Independent study at Teachers College combined with workshops, lectures and seminars at the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Students work collaboratively with both Museum and College faculty to develop and carry out individual projects, which may lead in the direction of research and inquiry or into the development of instructional materials for different levels of schooling.
A&HF 4088 Popular culture, Philosophy and Education, Department of Arts and Humanities
- Critical examination of mass communication as an informal medium of education: film, TV, comic books, music, dance, advertising, "low" vs. "high" culture and hybrid forms. Enrollees learn to create and promote their own pop-cultural commodity.
A&H 4048 Computing Applications in Education and the Arts, Department of Arts and Humanities
- This course will examine strategies for developing creativity and problem-solving behaviors employing arts and other educational software. Pedagogical principles underlying the design of the software and instructional applications will be reviewed.
MSTU 4030 Computer applications in education, Department of Mathematics, Science, and Technology
- Hands-on experience learning a variety of computer applications, focusing primarily on word processors, spreadsheets, and database managing. Students create their own educational applications. No computer background assumed.
ORLA 4021 Introduction to Management Systems, Education Leadership, Department of Organization & Leadership
- An introduction to the fundamental principles and concepts of management information systems. The course examines the management of information systems across several different types of organizations, with an emphasis on the management of education-related information systems in K-12 as well as in institutions of higher education. The course explores both the theoretical as well as practical implications of information systems. Several key themes are addressed, such as: looking at how information systems can increase the problem-solving capabilities within an organization or school; and exploring how information can enable leaders to perform their jobs more effectively.
ORLA 4820 Summer Institute: Management Systems, Education Leadership, Department of Organization & Leadership
- Broad introduction to the conceptual underpinnings and intensive hands-on application of microcomputer-based techniques for management planning, resource allocation, information systems design, and data-based policy and decision analysis in both public and private organizations.
ORLD 5819 Workplace Learning Institute, Adult Learning and Leadership, Department of Organization & Leadership
- The Workplace Learning Institute brings together public and private sector training and human resource practitioners, managers, program directors, faculty and students interested in exploring current issues that define the scope and nature of workplace learning. Themes vary each time it is offered.
Sample elective courses taken outside of Teachers College:
AHIS G6644. Structuralism, Poststructuralism, Modernism, Columbia University Graduate School of Arts and Sciences
- The discourse on modernism in the visual arts examined in relation to the theoretical positions of structuralism and post-structuralism, specifically the work of Roland Barthes and Jacques Derrida.
AHIS G4588. Jacques-Louis David: Art, Virtue, and Revolution, Columbia University Graduate School of Arts and Sciences
- Exploration of the relationship between art and political engagement through the career of Jacques-Louis David.
B8412 Human Resource Management: Managerial Negotiation, Columbia Business School
- In managing human resources in an organization, many outcomes and decisions are determined by the process of negotiation. This course involves students in actual negotiating experiences to enhance their skills as negotiators. Concepts developed in the behavioral sciences, economics and game theory are used as guides to improve negotiating. Each fall and spring, one section of the course places emphasis on game-theoretical foundations of the negotiating process.
B8601 Consumer Behavior, Columbia Business School
- This course covers concepts, methods and aims applicable to the study of consumer behavior. This course includes both quantitative approaches (experiments, surveys, statistical approaches) and interpretive approaches (semiology, qualitative approaches, humanistic studies) applicable at various levels, from the most micro (individual behavior)to the most macro (societal or cultural phenomena at the global level). Each class member is invited to write a term paper and/or to complete a comparable project on a consumer-related topic of relevance to that individual's industry-, product-, brand- or career-related interests. This course is strongly recommended to students planning careers in communications, and it is recommended as an important foundation course to students seeking careers in product management and services.
B9601 Commercial communication in the culture of consumption: media, entertainment, advertising and the arts in the market economy, Columbia Business School
- This course explores a variety of themes connected with commercial communication (via the media, entertainment, advertising, and the arts) in the contemporary culture of consumption. The course considers communication phenomena that occur for individual consumers (engaged in experiences with various media of arts or entertainment) and for society as a whole (within the so-called "culture of consumption").
B6690 Not-for-profit marketing, Columbia Business School
- Potentially the most exciting marketing course of its kind in the country, this course covers a range of nonprofit institutions in the fields of education, the arts, government, charities and public broadcasting, among others. The course focuses on applying key marketing principles to the marketing challenges faced by these institutions. Course content is a blend of lectures, guest speakers drawn from the New York metropolitan area's renowned nonprofit institutions, case discussions, relevant readings and individual project work. Students develop a marketing plan for the nonprofit entity of their choice.
L9193 Cultural Property Seminar, Columbia Law School
- Cultural property involves widely divergent matters, including: relics and remains, indigenous practices, art, and the natural and built environment. These in turn raise numerous issues, including claims of heritage, repatriation and preservation, that affect many and varying interests, including those of archaeologists, anthropologists, art historians, museums, politicians, cultural administrators, nations and local communities. Given this jumble of subject matter, issues and interests, it is not surprising that the law developing to deal with cultural property can be inadequate, controversial, and incoherent,with many affected by it dissatisfied and disaffected. The seminar explores the issues and problems in this developing area, and will consider the relationship between cultures, including a culture and its past, and other aspects of cultural property as a way to understand the legal impasses and shortcomings. After study of the historical and legal background, the seminar will focus on property, intellectual property, moral rights, indigenous claims, cultural appropriation, preservation, repatriation, antiquities, globalization and other topics in an attempt to get beyond more usual approaches to cultural property. The seminar is open to non-law students in areas with cultural property concerns. Attendance and participation, including student lead discussions on weekly topics, is required.
R6529 Theatre Arts: Press, Publicity and Audience Development, Columbia University School of the Arts
- An introduction to the theatre press, publicity, and audience development process. Projects, including creating public relations timetables and campaigns, press releases, and brochures, are assigned.
R6030 Theatre Arts: Approaches to Production Management-Budgeting and reporting Columbia University School of the Arts
- An examination, through lectures and exercises, of the budget and reconciliation process as a tool in the effective planning and execution of a single theatrical event and of an entire season.
S4420 Anthropology: Anthropology of Tourism, Columbia University Graduate School of Arts and Sciences
- Tourism is typically associated with relaxation, leisure, and self-indulgence. As a global economic activity, however, embedded within the international tourism trade are cultural end economic processes which shape notions of other as well as articulate state development strategies. Utilizing case studies of tourism, this course will address topics such as tourism, gender, and race, the issue of authenticity in handicraft production and local performances, strategies for the allocation of scarce resources within nations developing a tourism infrastructure, and the potential of tourism for equitable and sustainable development within underdeveloped nations.
B9455-002 - Financing the mission-based business, Columbia Business School
- The objective of this course is to study the financial structure and mission financing strategies for nonprofit sector 501(c)(3)organizations, with a primary focus on cultural, educational and social service organizations. The course covers a review of the evolution and scope of today's nonprofit sector; the legal structure and formation of a501(c)(3) organization; and a detailed analysis of IRS Form 990 as an analytical tool to assess organizational effectiveness in the utilization of resources for mission advancement. Elements of analysis include: revenue mix, operating and fund-raising efficiency, balance-sheet structure, asset and net asset composition, endowment investment, credit quality, capital financing alternatives, work force issues and mergers. Finally, the course reviews the paid management-volunteer board relationship, including the philosophies, policies and practices that influence NPO financial management.
B9701-084 - Social entrepreneurship: financing and growing social ventures, Columbia Business School
- This course is designed for students who are interested in management consulting for the nonprofit sector. Through an actual consulting engagement with a nonprofit organization, students will learn the skills required to deliver a successful consulting project. The course is tailored to the specific requirements of nonprofit clients. The course prepares students for a variety of roles, including positions with consulting firms, or as internal consultants in large non-profit organizations. In addition, the course prepares students to manage consultants they may retain at some point in their careers. Working for non-profit organizations in consulting teams, students will complete a 12-week consulting project. As management consulting teams, students will write proposals, prepare hypotheses, analyze data, and present a final "deliverable" to their clients. The course is similar to a practicum in that it calls for students to spend a significant amount of time at client locations. The first-hand experience students will gain from the consulting project will be augmented by classroom work--e.g.,discussions of case studies, analytic methods, and client management--and guest lectures. (Please note that information provided by guest speakers is considered to be proprietary and confidential.)
B9701-058 - Consulting in the public and nonprofit sector, Columbia Business School
- Social entrepreneurship introduces students to the diverse field of social entrepreneurship, the practice of growing for profit and non-profit ventures that aim to achieve social and financial impact through their products, services and other business practices. This course explores the activities and lessons from some of the nation's leading financiers (including Henry Kravis, George Roberts and John Doerr) in applying entrepreneurial solutions to education, health, environment, energy, work force development, international development, and other important societal issues. Lectures, cases, guests and a final course project cover three themes: financing social ventures, entrepreneurial leadership and strategy, and measurement of social returns. The course aims to build students' skills and networks as well as provide an opportunity to blend venture capital and entrepreneurship skills with personal passions into a satisfying career path.
B8699-007 - Customers and markets: behavioral decision making and economics, Columbia Business School
- The purpose of this course is to provide future managers and consultants scientific with insights about the psychology underlying customer decision making and to enable these future managers and consultants to incorporate such insights in their business and marketing strategies. Students acquire knowledge of the many factors that influence - often without their awareness - how corporate customers and consumers make decisions. Topics covered include effects of memory on decision making, principles of influence, mental accounting by customers, context effects on choice, influence of affect and emotion, investment psychology, customer self-control, et al. The course is especially relevant for students interested in product, service and brand management; media and communications; and consulting. This is a half-term, 1.5 credit course that is offered in the second half of the term.
Semiconductor microelectronics technology remains important for the world economy. The semiconductor industry is a star performer in U.S. manufacturing. Fostering a vigorous semiconductor industry in our country is important for the nation’s economic growth, long-term security, and the preparation and maintenance of a capable high-tech workforce. The Kate Gleason College of Engineering developed the first bachelor of science degree program in microelectronic engineering in the U.S., and the college continues to provide highly educated and skilled engineers for the semiconductor industry.
The educational objectives of the microelectronic engineering program are to produce graduates who have the following skills or characteristics:
- A sound knowledge of the fundamental scientific principles involved in the operation, design, and fabrication of integrated circuits.
- A comprehensive understanding of relevant technologies such as integrated circuit process integration and manufacturing. This includes microlithography and the application of engineering principles to the design and development of current and future semiconductor technologies.
- A professional approach to problem solving, using analytical, academic, and communication skills effectively, with special emphasis on working in teams.
- An enthusiasm for learning and the continuous improvement of skills throughout one’s career, exemplified by learning about emerging technologies and adapting to and accepting change within the field.
- A desire to achieve leadership positions in industry or academia.
- A breadth of knowledge, including the multidisciplinary nature of microelectronic engineering as well as the broad social, ethical, safety, and environmental issues within which engineering is practiced.
One of the great challenges in integrated circuit manufacturing is the need to draw on scientific principles and engineering developments from such an extraordinarily wide range of disciplines. The design of microelectronic circuits requires a sound knowledge of electronics and circuit analysis. Optical lithography tools, which print microscopic patterns on wafers, represent one of the most advanced applications of the principles of Fourier optics. Plasma etching involves some of the most complex chemistries used in manufacturing today. Ion implantation draws upon understanding from research in high-energy physics. Thin films on semiconductor surfaces exhibit complex mechanical and electrical behavior that stretches our understanding of basic materials properties.
Scientists and engineers who work in the semiconductor field need a broad understanding of and the ability to seek out, integrate, and use ideas from many disciplines. The program provides the broad interdisciplinary background in electrical and computer engineering, solid-state electronics, physics, chemistry, materials science, optics, and applied math and statistics necessary for success in the semiconductor industry.
The BS in microelectronic engineering program is accredited by the EAC Accreditation Commission of ABET, http://www.abet.org.
The curriculum begins with introductory courses in microelectronic engineering and microlithography (micropatterning) for integrated circuits. The first two years of the program build a solid foundation in mathematics, physics, and chemistry. The fundamentals of statistics and their applications in the design of experiments, semiconductor device physics and operation, and integrated circuit technology are covered in the second year. This prepares students for their first cooperative education experience. The third year comprises the electrical engineering course work necessary for understanding semiconductor devices and integrated circuits. The fourth and fifth years are dedicated to VLSI design, optics, microlithography systems and materials, semiconductor processing, professional electives, and a two-quarter capstone senior project. In the capstone course, students propose and conduct individual research/design projects and present their work at the Annual Microelectronic Engineering Conference, which is organized by the department and well-attended by industrial representatives.
A choice of professional electives and the senior project offer students an opportunity to build a concentration, such as advanced CMOS, VLSI chip design, analog circuit design, electronic materials science, microelectromechanical systems (MEMS), or nanotechnology within this unique interdisciplinary program. Three free elective courses are built into the program to allow students to develop an expertise in a related discipline.
Computing skills are necessary to design, model, simulate, and predict processes and device behavior that are vital to manufacturing. A comprehensive knowledge of statistics is required to manipulate data and process control. As the devices shrink in size, approaching the nanoscale regime where molecular and atomic scale phenomena come into play, elements of quantum mechanics become important.
Important issues such as the technology road map, ethics, societal impact, and global perspectives are built into the program beginning with first-year courses. The program is laid out in a way that keeps students connected with their home department throughout the course of study.
Students gain hands-on experience in the design, fabrication, and testing of integrated circuits (microchips), the vital component in almost every advanced electronic product manufactured today. RIT’s undergraduate microelectronics engineering laboratories, which include modern integrated circuit fabrication (clean room) and test facilities, are the best in the nation. At present, the program is supported by a complementary metal oxide semiconductor line equipped with diffusion; ion implantation; plasma; and chemical vapor deposition (CVD) processes; chemical mechanical planarization; and device design, modeling, and test laboratories. The microlithography facilities include Canon i-line and GCA g-line wafer steppers, and a Perkin Elmer MEBES III electron beam mask writer.
Students participate in the required co-op portion of the program after completing their second year of study. Students may work for many of the major integrated circuits manufacturers across the United States. Upon graduation, they are well-prepared to enter the industry or graduate school. This program also prepares students to work in emerging technologies such as nanotechnology, microelectromechanical systems, and microsystems.
With the worldwide semiconductor industry growing at an astounding pace, RIT graduates are a valuable resource to the industry. This program offers students an unparalleled opportunity to prepare for professional challenges and success in one of the leading modern areas of engineering. Faculty committed to quality engineering education, state-of-the-art laboratories, strong industrial support, co-op opportunities with national companies, and smaller class sizes make this one of the most value-added programs in the nation.
Microelectronic engineering, BS degree, typical course sequence (quarters)
|Course||Qtr. Cr. Hrs.|
|0305-201||Introduction to Microelectronics||4|
|0305-221||Introduction to Micro/Nano Lithography||4|
|1011-208||College Chemistry I||4|
|1016-281, 282, 283||Calculus I, II, III||12|
|1017-311, 312||University Physics I, II||10|
|0306-341||Introduction to Digital Systems||4|
|1017-313||University Physics III||4|
|0301-344||Matlab and C||3|
|0305-460||Semiconductor Devices I||4|
|0307-315||Statistics for Engineers||4|
|0305-320||Design of Experiments||4|
|0305-350||Integrated Circuit Technology||4|
|0301-382||Circuit Analysis II||4|
|0305-515||Principles of Electromagnetic Fields||4|
|0301-481, 482||Electronics I, II with Labs||8|
|0305-560||Semiconductor Devices II||4|
|0305-525||Optics for Microelectronics||4|
|0305-563, 573||Microlithography Systems with Lab||4|
|0305-643||Thin Film Processes||4|
|0305-650||CMOS Processing Lab||4|
|0305-666, 676||Microlithography Materials and Processes with Lab||4|
|0305-681, 691||Senior Design Project I, II||6|
|Two Professional Electives||8|
|Total Quarter Credit Hours||197|
Accelerated dual degree option
A cross-disciplinary dual degree option is available in the microelectronic engineering program. Students may earn a BS in microelectronic engineering from the Kate Gleason College of Engineering and an MS in materials science and engineering from the College of Science.
This unique program was inspired by trends involving convergence of advanced materials with nanofabrication and microelectronics in modern microdevices and systems. The five-year option requires the successful completion of 225 credits, with a minimum of 45 graduate course credits and a graduate thesis. One co-op quarter is substituted for the graduate course work to make it an accelerated five-year option. A student may apply for admission to this option in the fall quarter of the third year with a grade-point average of at least 3.0 at the end of the previous quarter.
Microelectronic engineering/materials science and engineering, BS/MS option, typical course sequence (quarters)
|Course||Qtr. Cr. Hrs.|
|Same as BS (Microelectronic Engineering)||52|
|Same as BS (Microelectronic Engineering)||49|
|Same as BS (Microelectronic Engineering)||32|
|0305-525||Optics for Microelectronics||4|
|0305-563, 573||Microlithography Systems and Lab||4|
|0305-703||Thin Film Processes||4|
|1028-701||Introduction to Materials Science||4|
|1028-704||Introduction to Theoretical Methods||4|
|1028-705||Introduction to Experimental Techniques||4|
|MSE Graduate Elective||4|
|0305-650||CMOS Processing Lab||4|
|0305-666, 721||Microlithography Materials and Processes with Lab||3|
|0305-381, 691||Senior Design Project I, II||6|
|1028-703||Solid State Science||4|
|1028-702||Introduction to Polymer Science||4|
|MSE Graduate Elective||4|
|Total Quarter Credit Hours||227|