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Facione Critical Thinking What It Is And Why It Counts 2010 1040

This popular and often quoted essay about the meaning and importance of critical thinking was written by Dr. Peter Facione for students and the general public.

It invites readers to think about critical thinking, and in so doing, it provides a sound and research-based conceptual synthesis describing critical thinking skills and habits of mind. The emphasis in the essay, beyond the definition developed, is on the personally and socially significant uses of critical thinking. Civic engagement without critical thinking may be nothing but noise, polemics, and political deception. This essay is based on the Delphi Expert Consensus conceptualization of "critical thinking" articulated in the 1990 APA Delphi Research Report.

This updated edition expands the discussion of critical thinking by connecting it with recent work in cognitive science. It includes a discussion of several heuristic thinking strategies humans commonly use, identifying their potential advantages and their inherent potential biases. The essay talks about the two human problem-solving systems which appear to operate in parallel; one being more intuitive, reactive, and holistic decision-making, and the other being more reflective, procedural and rule-governed.

People of all ages and educational levels exhibit critical thinking to a greater or lesser degree.  Insight Assessment test instruments are used globally for all educational levels, kindergarten through doctorate and several professional fields, to evaluate the core critical thinking skills and habits of mind Dr. Facione describes in his essay.

Develop your critical thinking with THINK Critically, Facione & Gittens, Pearson Education, now in its 3rd edition.

Are you interested in assessing your own thinking skills?  Download our personal assessment app, Critical Thinking Insight from your app store.  Get started with the free sample reasoning skills questions and sample reasoning mindset items. Then challenge yourself with other purchasable tools included in the app for your self-evaluation and personal development.

  • For commercial or resale reprint permissions of the  APA Delphi Report or "Critical Thinking What It Is and Why It Counts"  contact Insight Assessment.

Dr. Peter A  (Pete) Facione is a Senior Researcher at Insight Assessment,  a principal at Measured Reasons LLC, a Los Angeles based research and consulting firm supporting excellence in strategic thinking and leadership decision making, and a speaker with Leading Authorities, Washington DC.

In academia he served as Provost of Loyola University Chicago, Dean of the College of Arts and Sciences at Santa Clara University, and Dean of the School of Human Development and Community Service at California State University Fullerton. In private business Dr. Facione was a strategic consultant with Stratus-Heery International and is a managing partner and CFO of the California Academic Press.

In Dr. Facione spearheaded the international study to define critical thinking, sponsored by the American Philosophical Association in 1990. His research formed the basis for numerous government policy studies about critical thinking in the workplace, including research sponsored by the U.S. Department of Education. Today, his tools for assessing reasoning are used around the world in educational business, legal, military and health sciences.

Dr. Facione maintains an active speaking, writing, consulting and research agenda, with well over 150 publications including essays, books, articles, case studies, and educational testing tools. His tools for assessing reasoning are used around the world. These include the California Critical Thinking Skills Test, the California Critical Thinking Disposition Inventory, the Health Sciences Reasoning Test, the Business Critical Thinking Skills Test, the Legal Studies Reasoning Profile, the Military & Defense Critical Thinking Inventory, Professional Judgment Rating Form, and the Holistic Critical Thinking Scoring Rubric. Dr. Facione is the author of the popular and often quoted essay about the meaning and importance of critical thinking, " Critical Thinking: What It Is and Why It Counts ."   His textbook, THINK Critically, is published by Pearson Education, the second edition coauthored with Dr. Carol Gittens. His book, Thinking and Reasoning in Human Decision Making with Dr. Noreen Facione, addresses human decision making in contexts of risk and uncertainty. Their book, Critical Thinking and Clinical Reasoning in the Health Sciences, presents strategies for training clinical judgment.