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The History Of Sociology Essay

British Journal of Sociology of Education

Description:British Journal of Sociology of Education publishes academic articles from throughout the world which contribute to both theory and empirical research in the sociology of education. The journal attempts to reflect the variety of perspectives current in the field. In order to ensure that all articles are of the highest quality, all contributions are submitted to at least two referees before acceptance for publication. Apart from the main articles each issue will normally contain a review essay, an extended review and a review symposium on a major book or collection of books.

Coverage: 1980-2010 (Vol. 1, No. 1 - Vol. 31, No. 6)

Moving Wall: 7 years (What is the moving wall?)

The "moving wall" represents the time period between the last issue available in JSTOR and the most recently published issue of a journal. Moving walls are generally represented in years. In rare instances, a publisher has elected to have a "zero" moving wall, so their current issues are available in JSTOR shortly after publication.
Note: In calculating the moving wall, the current year is not counted.
For example, if the current year is 2008 and a journal has a 5 year moving wall, articles from the year 2002 are available.

Terms Related to the Moving Wall
Fixed walls: Journals with no new volumes being added to the archive.
Absorbed: Journals that are combined with another title.
Complete: Journals that are no longer published or that have been combined with another title.

ISSN: 01425692

EISSN: 14653346

Subjects: Education, Social Sciences

Collections: Arts & Sciences IV Collection, JSTOR Essential Collection

Essay on the Relationship Between Sociology and History – Sociology and History are very much interrelated. Like political science, sociology is becom­ing one of the most genuine fruits of history to which it is intimately connected.

The two sciences are so close that some writers like G. Von Bulow refused to accept sociology as a science different from history.

History: History is the reconstruction of man’s past. It is the story of the experience of man­kind. It is a record of the human past. It is a systematic record of man’s life and achievements from the dim past to the present. The historian studies the significant events of man in the order of time. The historian is interested in what happened at a particular time in the past.

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Further, a historian is not satisfied, however, with mere description. He seeks to learn the causes of these events to understand the past-not only how it has been but also how it came to be.

Nevertheless, he is, in a sense, interested in events for their own sake. “He wants to know everything there is to know about them and to describe them in all their unique individuality”. The historian concentrates only on the past.

He is not interested in the present and is unwilling to look to the future. Still history provides the connecting link for the present and the future. It is said that history is the microscope of the past, the horoscope of the present and the telescope of the future.

Sociology: Sociology as a science of society, on the other hand is interested in the present. It tries to analyse human interactions and interrelations with all their complexity and diversity.

It also studies the historical development of societies. It studies various stages of human life, modes of living, customs, manners and their expression in the form of social institutions and associations. Sociology has thus to depend upon history for its material. History with its record of various social events of the past offers data and facts to sociologists.

History Supplies Information to Sociology:

History is a storehouse of records, a treasury of knowledge. It supplies materials various social sciences including sociology. History contains records even with regard to social matters. It contains information about the different stages of human life, modes of living, customs and man­ners, social institutions, etc.

This information about the past is of great help to a sociologist. A sociologist has to make use of the historical records. For example, if he wants to study marriage and family as social institutions, he must study their historical development also.

Similarly, if he wants to know the impact of Islamic culture on the Hindu culture, he has to refer to the Muslim conquests of India, for which he has to depend on history.

A sociologist is, no doubt, concerned with the present-day society. But the present-day society can be better understood from the knowledge of its past because what people are today is because of what they had been in the past.

Further, sociologists often make use of comparative method, in their studies for which they depend on history for data. Historical sociology, one of the fields of sociologi­cal inquiry, depends very much on historical data. It is true that the sociologist must sometimes be his own historian, amassing information from all the available sources.

Sociology Helps History Too:

Historian also uses sociology. Until recently it was perhaps from philosophy that the historian took his clues to important problems and historical concepts and ideas. But now these are drawn increasingly from sociology. Indeed, we can see that modern historiography and modern sociology have both been influenced in similar ways by the philosophy of history.

Further sociology provides the social background for the study of history. History is now being studied and read from the sociological point of view. It is said that history would be meaning­less without the appreciation of socially significant events.

Further, it is often remarked that history would be boring, monotonous, prosaic and uninteresting unless the social events are narrated. His­torical facts without reference to socially important matters would be like a body with flesh, blood and bone, but without life.

Some Opinions on the Relation between the Two Sciences:

The mutual dependence of history and sociology has made G.E. Howard to remark that ‘History is past Sociology, and Sociology is present History’. Peter Worsley says that ‘the best history is in fact sociology: the sociology of the past’.

T.B. Bottomore has pointed out that “it is of the greatest importance for the development of the social sciences that the two subjects should be closely related and that each should borrow extensively from the other, as they are increasingly inclined to do.

“Robert Bierstedit Comments. If the past is of as a continuous cloth unrolling through the centuries, history is interested in the individual threads and strands that make it up; sociology in the patterns it exhibits”.