1. Download the Schwab Entry Form and fill it out.
2. Return the completed entry form by e-mail to firstname.lastname@example.org with Schwab Entry as the subject.
Your completed entry form must be received by Friday, April 13, 2018, so we may assign you a number. No submissions after April 13, 2018 will be accepted.
3. The ABA will then e-mail you an electronic copy of the entry form with an assigned number.
4. Place the assigned number in the upper right-hand corner of each page of the essay. (Contestant's name must not appear anywhere on the essays.)
5. Send one (1) electronic copy of the essay and the completed entry form (with assigned number and your signature) to email@example.com, Subject: Schwab Essay Submission
Please Note: We will only accept one (1) entry per author; we do not accept multiple submissions.
DEADLINE: All entries must be e-mailed on or before April 27, 2018. Remember, in order to be assigned a number, you must send us your entry form by April 13, 2018. These dates must be strictly adhered to.
The ABA will confirm receipt of entries via e-mail.
Questions regarding the contest should be directed to the ABA Section of Family Law at 312-988-5145.Notification of Winners
Notification of Winners
First, second, and third place winners will be notified by the ABA that they have won via the e-mail and U.S. mail addresses listed on their entry form. If winner(s) do not respond to notification within 10 business days or if their e- mail or U.S. mail is returned as undeliverable, another winner(s) will be chosen. Winner(s) from the level(s) below the non-responding or returned e-mail address winner(s) will be notified that they will move up to the appropriate level, and a new winner(s) will be chosen for that vacated place(s) from the other entrants to the contest. Example: first and second place winners do not timely respond to notification that they have won. The third place winner will then be notified that he/she has become the first place winner, and new second and third place winners will be chosen and notified.
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By entering, the winners grant to the ABA the following rights: (1) the exclusive worldwide right of first publication of their entry in any and all ABA media or form of communication; (2) the non-exclusive worldwide right, in ABA’s sole discretion, to use, transcribe, publish reproduce, distribute, sell (as part of an ABA publication) or display the entry, alone or in conjunction with other materials; (3) the right to edit the essay to conform to the publication’s standards of style, technological requirements, language, grammar and punctuation, provided the meaning of the essay is not materially altered; and (4) the non-exclusive worldwide right to use the winner’s name and likeness in connection with the essay or this Writing Competition without further compensation. Additionally, at the ABA’s discretion, the winning entrant must execute a separate licensing agreement giving the ABA the publication rights enumerated above and the right to use the article for any other purpose related to the ABA mission. At the ABA’s sole discretion, if the winner fails to sign the agreement within 10 business days of receipt, the prize will be considered forfeited and another winner named.
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Announcement of Winners
For a list of prize winners, send a self-addressed stamped envelope by October 31, 2018 to the Section of Family Law, American Bar Association, 321 N. Clark Street, Chicago, Illinois, 60654.
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American Bar Association, Section of Family Law, 321 N. Clark St., Chicago, IL 60654
Every law student is looking for the secret to writing a good law essay. “What do I need to include?” “How do I organise my ideas?” But most importantly, “how can I get access to the information I need to include quickly, yet efficiently?”
As a general theme throughout your study of the law, you are essentially being asked to assess the journey that the law has taken in each area, not merely to know what the law is. Using the Precedent Map which JustisOne has to offer is particularly helpful for this in that you are able to consider case relationships on a visual basis and make informed decisions about which cases you will prioritise for your research. How does it work? The bigger the size of the circle, the more common relationships between that case and your central case. The ones around the outside of the circle are the citing cases; those that came after your central case which considered it in their judgments. The ones inside the circle are the cited; past cases which your central case considered in its judgment.
Similarly, Citations in Context is also a great way to explore whether a particular case is on the specific point of law that you are interested in. JustisOne highlights where the case you have selected is mentioned in the judgment. This allows you to read around the section to see how they have linked or distinguished the two cases, enabling you to see how the law has evolved.
Furthermore, it is good practice to give a general analysis of a particular area of law before getting into the specifics. For example, ‘the law in this area has become stricter since its statutory codification’ or ‘this area of law has often strived towards achieving fairness’.
Firstly, you need to distinguish between a problem question and an essay question.
I know that with the overwhelming amount of research that law students must do you may be in a hurry when looking at a case. Often details get lost in the process, such as, looking in at an outdated decision of the court when actually a higher court has heard the case and given a different judgment. JustisOne makes this easier by flagging up very clearly that the case has been heard in a higher court, prompting you to treat the decision with care.
Introduction: Keep it short and to the point. There is no point trying to give a historical background to a particular area of law if the question provides you with a scenario and asks you to ‘Advise X’. Rather, identify the issues, refer back to the question and say what you’re going to do in this essay. Remember you have limited time in the exam and problem questions are often packed with a variety of issues for you to delve into and implement your analytical skills so don’t spend too long “setting the scene”.
Main body: with problem questions, you should evaluate each issue separately unless they have a clear link. Many academics encourage their students to follow the IRAC guideline: Identify the issues and the relevant legal rules, apply the rules to the issue and then draw a conclusion on the basis of that application. Identifying the issue would be something like ‘X would be liable for assault and battery as he pushed B’. Identifying the relevant rules and application would then be ‘In accordance with X Act, to constitute assault there needs to be intention. Furthermore, in light of X v X intention can be established through a number of ways so even though X may try to claim xxx it is unlikely that he will be able to escape liability’ which would be the conclusion. If a statute governs that area of law, always mention that before the case law as that takes precedence. Don’t waste time writing out a section of an Act, the marker has access to a statute book. If there is a particular word or phrase which you want to emphasise refer to that. Also, always state the strongest claim first and then bring in alternative claims subsequently.
Bloomsbury Law Tutors has suggested that the objective is not just to consider other possible arguments but to consider them and disprove them, in other words, why they are not as credible and have lower chances of success.
Students are often under the mistaken belief that a problem question does not need a closing paragraph, however, this is not the case. An overall conclusion is necessary to draw your points together and to add structure to your answer. A conclusion does not need to be long. It should merely sum up what you have discussed in your essay, without introducing anything new. It should also give an indication on your client’s chances of success.
Introduction: it is similar to that of a problem question, except that you must adapt it to the type of essay question it is. As a general theme however, essay questions tend to address some sort of legal controversy around an area of law so it is necessary to do some wider reading, such as, articles and academic opinion so that you have different points of view to discuss.
As suggested by Bloomsbury Law Tutors (http://lawtutors.co.uk/how-to-write-first-class-law-essays/) essay questions can be sub categorised. Focusing on the wording of the question is key. For instance, ‘discuss’ means to critically evaluate both sides of a statement or argument. According to Bloomsbury Law Tutors, this type of question would be classified as a ‘legal theory’ question. Generally, there would be a statement warranting a discussion of its accuracy. In that type of question, you would be splitting your legal authorities to prove both why that statement is accurate and why it is not. A useful aspect of JustisOne that can help you with this is its recognition of search operators. For instance, the statement necessitating a discussion is usually a quote from a judgment. Some may find it beneficial to find the quote and read around it in order to understand more about the context and exactly what the judge meant by saying this. In JustisOne, you can put a statement in quotation marks in the search box and it will bring up the case or cases which mentioned it. Once you click on a case you can then click the pencil icon which will then highlight the search terms you entered, giving you instant access to the specific sections in the judgment.
Often you don’t need to recite the facts of a case, merely stating the decision may prove your point. This is where the Key Paragraphs feature on JustisOne is especially useful. You can incorporate these into your essays, outlining the most important aspects of the judgment as they are the most quoted passages in court. If you then click on ‘Highlight all quoted passages’, you will see a heatmap of all the sections of the judgment which have been quoted. The darker the shade of purple, the larger the number of cases that section has been quoted in. Click on the paragraph to see which cases specifically.
Higher marks will be gained where there is evidence of critical analysis of the impact of a particular issue on others matters within this area of law. Even though you should provide an evaluation, you shouldn’t be completely neutral, rather, you should indicate your stance throughout the essay but also offering another perspective too.
Another type of essay question would be ones to do with legal reform. The question would typically ask if you think that a particular area of law is in need of reform. In order to answer this well you would need to know the current state of the law as well as the pros and cons to then enable you to assess whether it should undergo reform. Also, knowing previous attempts of reform and solutions would allow you to propose new solutions that would be more effective than previous proposals.
What would also boost your grade is branching out to consider the impact of a particular area of law in terms of its social, political and economic consequences as well as policy considerations.
Often, cases are not only on one niche area of law. Different aspects of the judgment can be used to demonstrate various points in a range of legal contexts. Rather than having to read a whole case to find out which exact areas of law are covered within it, you can just select the Categories tab on JustisOne and a clear list with sub categories will be generated. This could potentially save you time from having to remember three different cases for instance, to indicate different points of law down to a mere one case that may encompass a range of areas.
Another type of common essay question is legal history, prompting a consideration of the development in a particular area of law over a certain period. An example would be ‘has the law in X strived towards achieving flexibility between X and X date?’. This also requires critical analysis. In order to explore an area of law on JustisOne you can select a category and you will be directed to an analytics graph which provides you with a visual format on the progression of the law over a period of time. If there have been any seminal cases at a specific point in time you will see a spike on the graph, instantly representing a significant development.
Overall, it is important to pay attention to the wording of any given question and focusing on the bigger picture of what is asked rather than trying to steer something in the direction you wished it had gone. In the words of Mad Men’s finest, Don Draper ‘make it simple, but significant’.